Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi.
Post Graduate Diploma in
Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement & Rehabilitation (PGDMRR)

MRR-006: Illustrative R&R Case Studies from Different Development Sectors

MRR-006: Illustrative R&R Case Studies from Different Development Sectors

Much of theorising in social sciences is derived from field experiences. It is always beneficial to look into actual field studies for fully appreciating the theory based analysis. This is why in MRR-006 we discuss case studies of some of R&R projects. Such a discussion will help the field practitioners and administrators in taking lessons from those case studies by incorporating the plus points and discarding the negative aspects.
There is an array of studies which highlight the trauma of the displaced people and the state of R&R. This Course will look into some of the intensive studies that are conducted on the R&R of the people displaced due to various development projects in diverse sectors of development. While we study R&R of the project displaced people it is always advantageous to know why and how R&R project has been more or less acceptable to the PAPs in one particular instance ans why is not so in some other instances. On analysing and understanding the underlying principle for the success or failures of R&R projects that had already been conducted will lend a hand the R&R personnel in planning and implementing a more people friendly R&R packages and projects in the future. This Course in five blocks discusses the typologies of R&R projects and case studies of R&R of those displaced due to development projects in different sectors.
a) Block 19 on Typologies of R&R Projects. Thus before actually learning about the case studies from different fields; this particular block serves the purpose of umbrella block for all the remaining blocks to come. It has two Units. Classification of R&R projects; introduces the learners to the meaning of classification of R&R projects. Different types of classifications are discussed in this Unit, which include size based classification, area based classification and content based classification. Second Unit discusses gender issues in R&R projects. The Unit relates gender to development and then goes on to explore gender issues in development induced displacement, resettlement and rehabilitation. The Unit also explains the different measures to mitigate gender inequalities in R&R projects.
b) Block 20 on Water Resources and Hydroelectric Projects. Here the case studies of two famous dams are discussed. Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) and Upper Krishna Project (UKP). Both the case studies are discussed in two separate Units. First Unit gives a picture of Sardar Sarovar Project, one of the controversial project. It gives an idea of R&R provisions in SSP. The Unit also sensitises the learners towards post project R&R issues. The Unit also discusses how the project could be. Thus it favours the integration of large and small systems. Second Unit (73) is on idea about the project; the Unit outlines the magnitude of Displacement. The evolution of R&r project is the Upper Krishna River and the problems of Upper krishna Project also discussed in this Unit.
c) Block 21 on Case Studies from Industries and Mining Projects. It has two Units. Unit 74 argues about the resettlement and rehabilitation of PAPs in the Coal Industry. It discusses generally in resettlement effect and also the Indian Coal Industry. The Unit presents a case study of Northern coalfields limited. The history of R&R of PAPs in Coal Industry has been divided into two periods. Before 1995 and after 1997. The whole history of R&R of PAPs has been explained with the help of twelve case studies of fragile groups, vulnerable groups and stable groups. The Unit also presents some successful and unsuccessful case studies. Unit 75 is on Industrial displacement: Korba Case Study is based on a field survey carried out in the Korba. The Unit discusses the opinion of people and also points out the changes in population and family structure, changes in occupational pattern and changes in infrastructure.
d) Block 22 on Infrastructure and Urban Displacement Projects, deals with the case studies from urban projects causing displacement. This block also has two Units. Unit 76 is on National Highways Project and R&R Issue. The Unit begins with the explanation of the institutional infrastructure or the policies and laws available. It explains the status of Indian National Highways. A case study of Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highways No. 8 is discussed in this Unit 77 is a case study of Shahpur Jat: A Study in Self – Rehabilitation. Shahpur Jat is an urban village, which was partially displaced as only their agricultural land was taken by governance and not their houses. The Unit explains based on the field survey that how through self- rehabilitation people of this Shahpur Jat village have brought about socio-economic changes in their life styles.
e) Block 23 on Case Studies from the Forestry Sector has two Units. First Unit 78, discusses AP forestry project, It explains the process of social and environment Impact Assessment (SEA), based on the results of a sample study. The Unit explains the process of identification of PAFs in the AP Forestry Sector; and the legal and policy issues available. It also discusses the process of consultation at various levels; village level committees, other institutional arrangements; capacity building mechanism, Grievance Redressal Mechanisms and Advisory Councils at State level. Second Unit 79 argues the relocation of a forest dwelling tribal community and discusses the case of Kuno wildlife Sanctuary. It gives a background of displacement with the help of a description of area and people affected; R&R package offered and the process adopted for R&R. The Unit also explains the criteria for judging the Impact. While briefly acknowledging methodology used; the Unit explains broad livelihood related impacts and broad social impacts.
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© 2011 Pravin Kolhe
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