Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi. Post Graduate Diploma in Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement & Rehabilitation (PGDMRR)
MRR-102: Role of Participation in Sustainable Development
Role of Participation in Sustainable Development
The objective of MRR-102, Role of Participation in Sustainable Development, is to introduce you to the concept, philosophy and objectives of participation. The contents of this Course and the process of marginalisation of vulnerable groups highlight the main concern of PGDMRR. These concepts may be the framework around which you can identify a theme for your project work.
a) Block 4, Participation, its Nature, Types and Practice, introduces the concept of participation and highlights the needs and context of participatory approach to planning resettlement and rehabilitation of displaced people. It describes means of operationalising a participatory process and elaborates the strategies, which can be used for eliciting and mobilising participation.
b) Block 5, Participation Issues and Practice, In order that a practitioner of R&R may take appropriate actions, the Block deals with the causes of conflict at different stages of a project cycle and discusses different kinds of coping mechanism like negotiation, mediation and arbitration for managing conflicts: The block also discusses the issues of ethics in displacement induced by development and the famous people's movements that have taken place in India.
c) Block 6, Participation of Marginal and Vulnerable Groups, makes a special case for paying extra attention, while dealing with R&R, to those sections of the population that are more vulnerable and disadvantaged. It explains why women, children and old people are more vulnerable and further marginalised due to displacement. It describes historically disadvantaged social groups that do not have private property and are dependent on natural resources for survival. These include marginalised social groups and minorities along with other groups like the fisherfolk. Tribal and ethnic groups suffer more in terms of the loss of their heritage and indigenous skills and therefore require more attention. In urban context, 'squatters' and 'encroachers' face distress and impoverishment in ways other than the general population of the displaced and project affected persons have to go through. The contents of Block 5 provide an opportunity to grasp the concepts of vulnerability and marginalisation and become sensitive to specific needs, concerns and rights of these groups.
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