Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi. Post Graduate Diploma in Participatory Management of Displacement, Resettlement & Rehabilitation (PGDMRR)
MRR-104: Participatory Implementation and Monitoring of Resettlement and Rehabilitation
Participatory Implementation and Monitoring of Resettlement
The objective of MRR-104, Participatory Implementation of Resettlement and Rehabilitation, is to introduce you to the post-planning aspects of R&R. The issues primarily address the needs of the DPs and PAPs, and the various monitoring aspects of projects.
a) Block 11 on Resettlement Issues deals with the activities and tasks associated with selection of the site for resettling the DPs. The process includes the preparation of the new site, building of infrastructure for creating 'livability' conditions. Further, the dismantling process concern smooth transportation of the DPs with their belongings. Legal provisions related with relocation of DPs have also been discussed in some detail.
b) Block 12 on Rehabilitation Issues I is concerned with economic aspects of rehabilitation process. It deals with livelihood restoration as cash compensation is never sufficient to make sure that the affected families will reach the productive and income levels of pre-displacement days. Broad strategies for livelihood restoration include the different aspects of land-based and non-land based rehabilitation.
c) Block 13 on Rehabilitation Issues II is also concerned with economic aspects of livelihood restoration. Here, the emphasis is an access to credit, training and employment. Responsibilities of PIAs in initiating and sustaining credit mechanisms and their access to PAPs have been discussed along with the role of NGOs in credit mobilisation and utilisation. Similarly, PAPs' access to training in various skills for income generation is another important aspect of economic rehabilitation. Again availability of employment opportunity in development projects is covered to examine pros and cons of giving jobs to DPs in the projects that displace them. The Block explains the framework underlying R&R costs and financial arrangements in R&R action plan.
d) Block 14 on Monitoring Tasks and Institutional Arrangements introduces you to management techniques and project management tools. These techniques and tools are useful in implementing resettlement and rehabilitation action plans. Next, we learn about how to monitor a project and control it for its timely completion. Using the network technique, resources are planned to rehabilitate the DPs and PAPs. Further, the nature and source of grievances of PAPs have been covered along with consideration of how grievances and be solved promptly and effectively so that there is improvement in relations between PAPs and PIAs. The Block concludes with highlighting the importance of evaluation issues in R&R, how there are different ways to monitoring and evaluate R&R.
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